Megacities are particularly vulnerable to disruptions because they are:
relatively young due to the recent global population increase
Which of the following is a “green” certification process applied to buildings?
The Living Building Challenge is a green-building certification system.
Which of the following is NOT one of the Living Building Challenge criteria?
Criterions of Living Building Challenge:
- Site Integrity
- Net Zero water
- Net Zero energy
The one that is not is “community”.
Are humans fundamental elements within the urban ecology?
The “ecology of cities” approach does NOT include the study of ecological succession within an vacant lot in a city.
Which of the following issues are LEAST likely to influence the built environment (i.e. the civil infrastructure) in cities?
- International conflict
As a result of viewing cities as complex systems, planners, architects, and engineers have started to consider:
the material, energy, and information flows into and out of cities.
After a city has established a regional plan that includes specific goals, strategies are then developed to achieve each goal (as an example, recall the week 3 lesson about Vancouver’s transportation goal - goal 5 - and strategy 5.1). What step generally happens after a specific strategy is established?
Base-line data relevant to the established strategy is collected.
Excerpt from module 4 lesson 4.1.4 “Livability”:
Increasing travel-mode-share is just one of several strategies aimed at moving the region toward sustainability. It turns out that tracking progress is an important aspect of sustainability…
Which of the following is NOT considered to be a category of ecosystem services?
Provisioning services (such as the production of fibre, clean water, or food) because that is under the ecosystem service of Soil and nutrient cycling.
Cleansing services (such as rainfall which removes particulates suspended in air) because that’s under ecosystem service of Air and water purification.
Regulating services (such as pollination or pest control) because that’s under Habitat Preservation.
Cultural services (such as intellectual, academic, or spiritual inspiration) because that’s under Aesthetic and culture.
Thus the only left over option is:
Supporting services (such as seed dispersal).
Which of the following are not key aspects of the IDP?
- Once the architect creates the design, s/he hires engineers to perform the detailed designs and also to construct and commission the building.
- The IDP is used to design public buildings (i.e. it is not used to design privately owned buildings)
- IDPs involve convening design charettes.
- Design team members represent different design disciplines.
- In the IDP, design goals are identified that relate to energy, water, material use, site, and indoor quality.
Which building in Vancouver has been certified by the Living Building Challenge?
The Van Dusen Gardens gift shop
LEED is short for “Leadership in Economic and Environmental Design”.
Within megacities, which people are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of natural disasters?
People who are poor.
What are the three key sub-systems within an urban ecology?
From Module 4 lesson 1:
- The built environment
- Urban social systems
- The bio-physical environment
What is an example of social systems influence on human behaviour?
Recall Module 4 section 4.1.3, a social systems is a system that involves social interactions between strangers. They include “families, neighborhoods, community organizations, volunteer organizations, government, hospitals, businesses, religious organizations, and more.”
One example would be a homeowners’ association (HOA) within a community. The residences of area under the HOA contributes to the neighborhood by obliging to the rules set by the HOA. Council members also communicate with home owners. Home owners may communicate with HOA or hold elections for seats in the HOA.